The Republic of Somaliland is a sovereign, democratic state in the Horn of Africa. However, Somaliland’s self-proclaimed independence remains unrecognised internationally. Somaliland shares borders with Djibouti to the west, Ethiopia to the south, Somalia to the east and the Gulf of Aden to the north. It extends for roughly 400km from west to east along the southern coast of the Gulf of Aden.
With an estimated population of 3,800,000 in 2017, Somaliland has a small, fragile economy that revolves around agriculture and pastoralism, both of which depend on good rainfall, an unreliable commodity in the Horn of Africa. It also relies on import and trade from the port of Berbera and with neighbouring Ethiopia. Its estimated GDP in 2017 was $2.5 billion.
Life expectancy is about 50 years in Somaliland but there are no official figures available. Access to education in Somaliland is extremely limited, with more than 50 per cent of 6-13 year old children in Somaliland out of school. According to the World Bank, poverty in urban areas of Somaliland is 29% but 38% in rural areas. Though not officially tracked by the UN Development Programme’s Human Development Report, Somaliland HDI is expected to be similar to that of Somalia (0.351), which is the lowest in the world.
The Foundation’s programme in Somaliland focuses on agriculture, water, education, and health. The water and agriculture programmes are being implemented in the North West Agricultural Zone of Maroodijex region, while the education component is mainly implemented in Hargeisa.
Our Projects in Somaliland